New Delhi - Indian banks stood on gross bad loans of more than Rs 9.61 lakh crore by the end of 2017-18 while loans to industries formed a major chunk of such non-performing assets, official data showed today.
After the asset quality review (AQR) directed by the Reserve Bank to lenders in 2015, transparent recognition of stressed assets as non-performing assets (NPAs) began, Minister of State for Finance Shiv Pratap Shukla said in Parliament.
"As a result of transparent recognition of stressed assets as NPAs, aggregate gross non-performing assets of scheduled commercial banks, as per Reserve Bank data for domestic operations, increased to Rs 9,61,962 crore as on March 31, 2018," Shukla said in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha.
Of this, Rs 85,344 crore worth of NPA pertained to agriculture and allied activities and Rs 7,03,969 crore pertained to industries, he added.
The minister said in the course of last ten years, 2015-16 witnessed the highest increase in aggregate gross NPAs in the banking system.
Shukla further informed that Rs 1,51,482 crore of loan amount has been written-off (including compromise) by the banks during 2017-18.
"Banks write-off NPAs as part of their regular exercise to clean up their balance-sheet, tax benefit and capital optimisation. Borrowers of such written-off loans continue to be liable for repayment. Recovery of dues takes place on ongoing basis under legal mechanisms...Therefore, write-off does not benefit the borrower," he said.
Over the last three fiscal years to March 2018, gross domestic loans outstanding of banks for retail, agriculture and allied activities and micro and small enterprises showed significant growth, he said.
Separately, talking about 19 nationalised banks, the minister said that their gross NPAs increased by Rs 1,54,470 crore in 2017-18.
Among these banks, Punjab National Bank had the highest amount of gross NPA at Rs 86,620 crore by end-March 2018 followed by Bank of India Rs 62,328 crore; Bank of Baroda Rs 56,480 crore; Union Bank of India Rs 49,370 crore; Canara Bank Rs 47,468 crore; Indian Overseas Bank Rs 38,180 crore and Central Bank of India at Rs 31,131 crore.
Vijaya Bank had the lowest NPA at Rs 7,526 crore while Punjab and Sind Bank Rs 7,802 crore.
The remaining banks had gross NPAs ranging from Rs 11,990-30,550 crore.
In response to another query on loans disbursed under Pradhan Mantri Mudra Loan Scheme, Shukla said over 13.30 crore loans were sanctioned to borrowers as on July 7, 2018 since inception of the scheme in April 2018.